Periodontal disease affects three out of four adults. It is caused by bacterial plaque build-up that infects the periodontal (gum) tissues. This infection destroys the tissue and bone that supports the teeth. The #1 cause of adult tooth loss in America is periodontal disease.
A recent ADA (American Dental Association) survey has shown that 75% of American adults believe they have “good dental health”, while at the very same time, they admit their gums bleed after brushing or flossing. In fact, bleeding gums are an early sing of gum disease.
Gum disease progresses most frequently without painful symptoms. That is why everyone should have a periodontal evaluation at established intervals. Delaying treatment will result in more advanced disease.
Mounting evidence relates gum disease to variety of health concerns, some that are life threatening. A recent study describes the association between heart disease and gum disease to be at least as strong as the linkage of heart disease to cholesterol, body weight, or smoking.
At some point in their lives, most people will suffer from periodontal disease.
What is periodontal disease?
Periodontal (gum) disease is an inflammation or infection of the gums and bone that supports the teeth. It’s caused by the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, nearly clear colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth).
While seldom painful and frequently free of any obvious signs or symptoms, periodontal disease can progress, undetected, to the point where supporting bone is destroyed. With 80% to 90% of all teenagers having some form of gingivitis (inflamed gums) and 75% of adult tooth loss for people over the age of 35 due to periodontal disease, early treatment and prevention is essential. While periodontal disease is caused by plaque, a number of other factors including poorly fitting bridges, badly aligned teeth and defective fillings contribute to the development of this condition.